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5. Miguel Angel Spanish laud (625)    @ 250 euros
Larger photos are available on request.

Old Spanish Laud, Mandola, Cittern

This is an old 12-string, flat-back Spanish Laud, made in Spain probably mid 20th century, in fair condition. It has the following makers labelů

Empressa Artisana No. 121

Miguel Angel S. L.


46134 Valencia Espana

It has the original finger-board and frets. It has what I think may be a cedar top, in excellent condition, with NO repairs. The fingerboard is level. The back and sides are in good condition. The bridge and tuners are original. The tail is new. It is now playing with a full, rich, ringing sound. It has an easy action

Other than cleaning, I have carried out the following work on this instrument: 1) re-levelled the original frets; and 2) repaired damage to the tail where the tailpiece screws were ripped out; 3) re-enforced a thin tailblock to prevent a re-occurrence; 4) fitted a new tailpiece; 5) fitted a strap button to the heel; and 6) restrung with phosphor bronze strings. (011 015 020w 028w 040w 052w)

This instrument now plays well.

The la˙d (tenor lute) is a plectrum plucked instrument from Spain. It belongs to the cittern family of instruments. It has six double courses ( twelve strings in pairs), similarly to the bandurria, but its neck is longer.  Traditionally it is used folk string musical groups, together with the guitar and the bandurria. The origin of the laud (tenor lute) is the modern spanish lute of the XIX century. There are several models, such as the pear-shaped and the Calvete. Like the bandurria, it is tuned in fourths, but 1 octave lower. The strings are tuned in unison pairs, to G#, c#, f#, b, e and a. 

    Assuming this tuning, middle C should be 4th fret on 6th string.

Various other tunings are possible, such as a 12 string mandola (4 courses of 3), short scale cittern, etc. though this would involve replacing the strings and perhaps the nut. If you play guitar and don't want to learn the traditional tuning, I suggest that you tune these instruments like the guitar at the 3rd fret: GG, CC, FF, BbBb, dd, gg (12th to 1st string).


Laud Specifications (In Millimetres)

Overall Length of laud


Width at widest point


Approx. Depth of laud

100mm at bridge.


Original, without any appreciable damage, the odd dink on corners.

Belly wood

Fair quality, book-matched cedar, with purfling and edging all in good condition.

Sound hole

Round approx 80mm diameter



Back and sides

Maybe walnut??, all sound.

Neck and Head

Stained mahogany?? neck and head. All sound.


Rosewood. 18 original brass frets re-levelled. No markers.

Machine heads

Original brass and steel. All working. Some buttons a bit scuffed.


New in brass with 12 string posts, strap post and cover.


Fixed with original saddle

Scale Length Bridge to nut

Scale of 460mm

Bottom string height at bridge


Top string height at bridge


12th fret to bottom string (Action)


12th fret to top string (Action)


Width of fretboard at nut


Width of fretboard at widest point



I have a padded gigbag for that that will fit it comfortably